Currently there are an infinity of diamonds famous for their color, their size, their purity. But many of them also hide behind a story in which kings, emperors, even Hollywood actors meet. If you want to know what is the history of the world’s most famous diamonds, do not miss the next post, in it we tell you what makes them so special.
WHICH ARE THE MOST FAMOUS DIAMONDS IN THE WORLD?
We are in love with the world of diamonds. That is why we have prepared a small list of the 5 famous diamonds in the world, do you want to know what they are and what makes them so special? Continue reading, what we are about to tell you, interests you.
CULLINAN, THE STAR OF AFRICA
The Cullinan diamond is to date the largest cut diamond in the world. The diamond was discovered in a mine in South Africa, in a rough state this gem weighed more than 3000 carats. This diamond was named after the owner of the mine, Thomas Cullinan.
After its discovery it was given as a gift to King Edward VII of England, who ordered it carved. In total
150 carved pieces of this diamond were obtained, which were ordered and named as Cullinan I, Cullinan II, etc.
The Cullinan I, also known as “the South Star” weighs 530.20 carats and is set in the Scepter of the Cross, the Culligan II is on display in the Tower of London Museum. The Culligan III and IV are attached to a clasp. All these diamonds from the original Culligan represent the great asset of the Crown of the British Imperial State.
THE BLUE HOPE
The Hope Azul, known as the blue diamond or jewel of the sea, is one of the most spectacular gems in the world, with an intense navy blue color and an estimated weight of more than 45.52 carats. This diamond is worth approximately $ 250 million.
The most curious thing about this diamond is the legend that this diamond is accompanied by a terrible curse. It is believed that this gem adorned the third eye of the goddess Sita in an Indian temple, a Hindu priest stole it, and suffered a painful death as punishment. Years later it was found in the Golconda mines and arrived in Europe in 1642 at the hands of a French merchant who sold it to King Louis XIV. Legend has it that the merchant was killed after the sale of the diamond. The diamond belonged to the French Crown until 1792 when it was stolen during the French Revolution when King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette were beheaded.
He is currently at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.
THE CENTENNIAL DIAMOND
The Centennial diamond was found in July 1986 at the Premier mine. This imposing diamonds weighed in at 599.10 carats in the rough.
It took almost three years for its cutter, Gabi Tolkowsky, to transform it into the most modern, perfect diamond, and one of the largest in the world with a final weight of 273.85 carats. (only smaller in size than the Great Star of Africa and the Lesser Star of Africa, of 580.20 and 317.40 carats, respectively).
This diamond has a total of 247 facets and was first shown at the Tower of London in May 1991.
This curious diamond was named after its owner, the Queen of Holland, Hortense de Beauharnais, stepdaughter of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Hydrangea is a 21.32-carat peach-colored diamond with a pentagonal cut and a 5-sided canopy. It is an almost perfect jewel due to the lack of defects that has belonged to the French Crown since 1791.
This magnificent jewel from India was bought by Louis XIV, from that moment it has become one of the most significant jewels of the French crown. It is currently on display in the Louvre museum in Paris.
What makes this diamond a unique jewel in the world is its pink tones. The existence of pink diamonds is less than 0.1% of all natural diamonds, which makes their price very high. Before the 19th century the main source of pink diamonds in the world was from the Golconda mines, Kollur in India where the Diamond Hydrangea was found.
The Taylor-Burton is another of the most famous diamonds in the world. This curious pear-shaped diamond weighing 69.42 carats was found in 1966 in a mine in South Africa.
This diamond was sold at auction in 1969 and it was agreed that whoever bought it could rename it with the name they want. At this time Cartier from New York successfully bid for the diamond and gave it its own name “Cartier”. However, the next day Richard Burton bought it to give to his wife Elizabeth Taylor for an undisclosed amount, renamed it “Taylor-Burton.”
It seems that the first time Elizabeth Taylor wore this diamond was at a charity ball in Monaco, wearing it as a pendant.
Years later, the famous actress announced her sale. Buyers had to pay $ 2,500 just to be able to browse it. Finally this idyllic gem was sold for $ 3 million.
The Taylor-Burton diamond is currently believed to be located in Saudi Arabia.
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